2 m He can deal gently with the ignorant and wayward , since he himself n is beset with weakness . Christ dies not, and so hath a priesthood which passes not from one to another. b. His name first means king of righteousness, then king of Salem, that is, king of peace. The negation is twofold: He needeth not to offer (1) daily; nor (2) to offer for His own sins also; for He offered Himself a spotless sacrifice ( Hebrews 7:26 , Hebrews 4:15 ). For such a High Priest was fitting for us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and has become higher than the heavens; who does not need daily, as those high priests, to offer up sacrifices, first for His own sins and then for the people’s, for this He did once for all when He offered up Himself. The Epistle to the Hebrews. For such a High Priest was fitting for us, For such a High Priest was fitting for us, offer up sacrifices, first for His own sins, For the law appoints as high priests men who have weaknesses, © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . the Son--contrasted with "men." Another proof that the law, or economy, is changed, namely, forasmuch as Christ is appointed Priest, "not according to the law of a carnal (that is, a mere outward) commandment," but "according to the power of an indissoluble (so the Greek) life." It really isn’t that Jesus has Melchizedek’s kind of priesthood. The “agreement” under which we meet with God through Jesus is not something we have negotiated with Him. 13. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. The tribe of Judah (the tribe of Jesus’ lineage) had nothing to do with Aaron’s priesthood, the priesthood associated with the Law of Moses. Abraham voluntarily gave tithes to Melchizedek. None did compel him to die; he laid down his life voluntarily, for he had power to lay it down, and to take it again.” (Spurgeon). These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. b. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. separate--rather, "separated from sinners," namely, in His heavenly state as our High Priest above, after He had been parted from the earth, as the Levitical high priest was separated from the people in the sanctuary (whence he was not to go out), Leviticus 21:12 . Under it the people received the law: The Old Testament priesthood is the priesthood associated with the Law of Moses. “Peace without righteousness is like the smooth surface of the stream ere it takes its awful Niagara plunge.” (Spurgeon), ii. nothing--not merely "no one," but "nothing." ALFORD thinks the epithets are, in some sense, strictly true of Melchisedec himself; not merely in the typical sense given above; but that he had not, as mortal men have, a beginning or end of life (?). Indeed, Satan has asked for you, that he may sift you as wheat. But the New Covenant – a better covenant – has a cosigner to guarantee it on our behalf. which--which oath was after the law. 10. in the loins of his father--that is, forefather Abraham. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. 4. consider--not merely see, but weigh with attentive contemplation, the fact. This is one of the central ideas of Hebrews, and it is a unique contribution in the New Testament to our understanding of Jesus. Salem Media Group. The principle [expressed in its widest form by the neuter] applies where the blessing carries with it not only the verbal expression of goodwill, but goodwill achieving actual results. For He of whom these things are spoken belongs to another tribe, from which no man has officiated at the altar. d. First being translated “king of righteousness,” and then also king of Salem, meaning “king of peace”: The name Melchizedek means “king of righteousness,” and he was also “king of peace” (because the name Salem means “peace”). Hebrews 7, Melchizedek, Melchisedek, titing, tithes, tithe. Jesus prays to strengthen us in trials and seasons of attack, and against Satan’s accusations. ii. Melchisedec is a sample of how God preserves, amidst general apostasy, an elect remnant. i. Melchisedec, like Christ, unites in himself the kingly and priestly offices, which Abraham does not. "Carnal," as being only outward and temporary, is contrasted with "endless," or, as Greek, "indissoluble." . When ALFORD denies that Melchisedec was made like the Son of God in respect of his priesthood, on the ground that Melchisedec was prior in time to our Lord, he forgets that Christ's eternal priesthood was an archetypal reality in God's purpose from everlasting, to which Melchisedec's priesthood was "made like" in due time. first being--Paul begins the mystical explanation of the historical fact (allegorical explanations being familiar to JEWS), by mentioning the significancy of the name. The Greek idiom expressed by "without father," &c. one whose parentage was humble or unknown. Dec 1, 1996. 6. he whose descent is not counted from them--not from "the sons of Levi," as those "who receive the priesthood." Melchisedec "liveth" merely in his official capacity, his priesthood being continued in Christ. 23. Now the Levites are subordinate to the priests; and these again to Abraham, their common progenitor; and Abraham to Melchisedec. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. They have become priests without an oath: The high priest of the order of Aaron was appointed by heredity, not by personal character or an oath of God. c. When He offered up Himself: This is totally unique. Christ did not, in this sense, pay tithes in Abraham, for He never was in the loins of an earthly father [ALFORD]. b. The salvation that is mentioned in The Epistle to the Hebrews is complete salvation. So if the priesthood is changed we should also anticipate some change of the Law’s status or place. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. Temptation, to which He was exposed, left no trace of evil in Him. It means "in any wise," "utterly," in Luke 13:11 . (B)He met Abraham returning from the defeat of the kings and blessed him,(C)2 and Abraham gave him a tenth of everything. The Jewish priests had successors in office, because "they could not continue by reason of death." Hebrews 7:1 - For this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of the Most High God, who met Abraham as he was returning from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him, on StudyLight.org Christ, on the other hand, is, in His own person, "ever living after the power of an endless life" ( Hebrews 7:16 Hebrews 7:25 ). If He is our High Priest, it must be under another principle. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. also--as a natural consequence flowing from the last, at the same time a new and higher thing [ALFORD]. what further need--( Hebrews 8:7 ). Jesus’ priesthood does remain to this day, and into eternity. A better covenant: The Old Covenant had a mediator (Moses), but no one to guarantee the people’s side of the covenant. Thus He is at once God's surety for man, and man's surety for God, and so Mediator between God and man ( Hebrews 8:6 ). Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. 7:2 To him also Abraham apportioned a tithe of everything. Today We’ll talk about Tithing. “And without any dispute the less is blessed of the greater.” Therefore, Abraham is the less, and Melchizedek the greater. These intellectual hang-ups kept them from continuing on to maturity in Jesus. Hebrews 7:7. χωρὶς δὲ πάσης ἀντιλογίας … εὐλογεῖται. For--reason for the difference stated in Hebrews 7:27 , between His one sacrifice and their oft repeated sacrifices, namely, because of His entire freedom from the sinful infirmity to which they are subject. c. And blessed him: Melchizedek blessed Abraham, and Abraham gave Melchizedek a tithe, which is a tenth part of all (all the spoils of battle, as mentioned in Genesis 14:20). Because He is a perfect High Priest, He was able to offer up Himself as a perfect sacrifice for our sin. in Abraham--Greek, "by means of (by the hand of) Abraham"; through Abraham. And will not relent, In contrast stands "the power"; Christ's spiritual, inward, living power of overcoming death. No sin dwells in him, not the least sinful inclination, though such dwells in the best of Christians. The Most High God's prerogative as "Possessor of heaven and earth," is made over to Abraham; and Abraham's glory, from his victory over the foe, is made over to God. 27. daily--"day by day." c. According to the power of an endless life: Matthew 27:1 says, When morning came, all the chief priests and elders of the people plotted against Jesus to put Him to death. iii. It could never be said of a priest according to the order of Aaron, none of who had the power of an endless life and each of who served a limited term as priests – limited to their own life span. He had the honored title priest of the Most High God. A blessed exchange for Abraham ( Genesis 14:19 Genesis 14:20 ). 22. surety--ensuring in His own person the certainty of the covenant to us. This orkwmosia is as much as a double oath, apo tou omnuein orkon. . For it is evident that our Lord arose from Judah, of which tribe Moses spoke nothing concerning priesthood. The evangelist Billy Sunday had a great sermon, speaking passionately about how God saved him “from the gutter-most,” because he was a gutter-drunk when God saved him. f. Made like the Son of God: Melchizedek was made like the Son of God. a. Priest of the Most High God: Melchizedek was not merely a worshipper of the true God. Therefore according to the priesthood of Aaron and the Law of Moses, Jesus could never be a priest. Scripture: Hebrews 7:1–25. remarks, The blessings which Abraham had before meeting Melchisedec were the general promises, and the special one of a natural seed, and so of Levi; but the promises under which Christ was comprehended, and the faith for which Abraham was so commended, followed after Abraham's meeting Melchisedec, and being blessed by him: to which fact. According to the order of Melchizedek.”. Though virtually all the commentators disagree with each other on this point, some think that without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but made like the Son of God means that Melchizedek was a heavenly being, if not a pre-incarnate appearance of Jesus Himself. The law can give a commandment, but it cannot give life ( Hebrews 7:19 ). III. The term Levitical priesthood simply describes the Jewish priesthood of the Old Testament. Second, that He did not need to offer up sacrifices, first for His own sins – which the other priests needed to do daily. seeing he ever liveth--resuming "He continueth ever," Hebrews 7:24 ; therefore "He is able to the uttermost"; He is not, like the Levitical priest, prevented by death, for "He ever liveth" ( Hebrews 7:23 ). Hebrews 7 Commentary, this commentary has been valued for generations and consulted by Bible scholars everywhere Compare Hebrews 8:6 , bringing us near to God, now in spirit, hereafter both in spirit and in body. unto him--the Lord, the Son of God ( Psalms 110:1 ). When we come to God through Him, He saves us to the uttermost. The law brought nothing to its perfected end; everything in it was introductory to its antitype in the Christian economy, which realizes the perfection contemplated; compare "unprofitableness," Hebrews 7:18 . This title of God, "the Most High," handed down by tradition from the primitive revelation, appears in the Phoenician god "Elion," that is, Most High. 8. 7:3 Without father, without mother, without genealogy, he has neither beginning of days nor end of life but is like the son of God, and he remains a priest for all time. b. Instead, Melchizedek has Jesus’ kind of priesthood. Application of these words to Melchizedek, the type and not the antitype is a distinction without a difference; it would not have been mentioned here except for its bearing on the duty of Christians; and the words stand. far more--Greek, "more abundantly." Updated: Sat, 04/25/2020 - 12:16 By admin. By so much more Jesus has become a surety of a better covenant. Hebrews 7 commentary 1. Discussion Questions. He paid "tithes of ALL," and those tithes were taken out of the topmost and best portion of the whole spoils. The writer to the Hebrews wanted to remove these intellectual problems the Jewish Christians had with the gospel. b. What does it mean that he was without father or mother? ’s background (1-3) II. disannuling--a repealing. i. "The promises" in the plural, refer to God's promise of greatness to himself and his seed, and of the possession of Canaan, twice repeated before the blessing of Melchisedec. “Any priesthood is evaluated according to the status of the deity who is served, which means that Melchizedek’s must have been of a highly exalted kind.” (Guthrie). b. This is because the law is weak and unprofitable when it comes to saving my soul or giving me power over sin. Commentary Part I, Chapters 1-9 HEBREWS IVP New Testament Commentary Series . For He testifies: “You are a priest forever “A teaching was intended by the Holy Spirit in the names: so the apostle instructs us in the passage before us. testament--sometimes translated, "covenant." Not only are there six chapters both before and after chapter 7, but it also presents the central argument of the book. When Abraham tithed to Melchizedek he literally “took it off the top.”. It is used to imply that the God whom Melchisedec served is THE TRUE GOD, and not one of the gods of the nations around. Because He is our High Priest forever, He can save forever. Watch Queue Queue So in Psalms 110:4 , "THOU art a priest"; singular, not priests, "many." This should temper our excitement about the rebuilding of the temple in Jerusalem. But our High Priest's inherent "power," now in heaven, has in Him "life for ever"; Hebrews 9:14 , "through the eternal Spirit"; Hebrews 7:25 , "able . The fact that these names have meaning, and that the Holy Spirit explains the meaning shows that each word is important and inspired by God. Therefore, the New Covenant depends on what Jesus did, not on what we do. Therefore He is also able to save to the uttermost those who come to God through Him, since He always lives to make intercession for them. harmless--literally, "free from evil" and guile, in relation to Himself. Scripture: Hebrews. According to the order of Melchizedek’”), a. Commandments is contrasted with "life." 7:4 But s… come unto God--by faith. blessed him--As priest he first blessed Abraham on God's part; next he blessed God on Abraham's part: a reciprocal blessing. . Melchizedek, who was the king of Salem and priest of the Most High God was an unique exception. ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. Hebrews 7:1-28 . The priesthood of Melchizedek is associated with Abraham, not with Moses. Only Jesus can save us from our sin problem. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. The law provides expert diagnosis of our sin problem, which is absolutely essential. Melchisedec was the highest and last representative of the Noahic covenant, as Christ was the highest and ever enduring representative of the Abrahamic. In a variety of … b. d. Those who come to God through Him: This tells us whom Jesus is able to save. But by the power of an endless life Jesus showed that His priesthood was superior when He triumphed over death. 11. perfection--absolute: "the bringing of man to his highest state, namely, that of salvation and sanctification." Without genealogy? He was not only the offering, but the priest who offered it. Second point of superiority: Melchisedec's is an enduring, the Levitical a transitory, priesthood. Click on the different category headings to find out more. Judah-- Genesis 49:10 , Luke 1:27 Luke 1:39 (Hebron of Judah, where LIGHTFOOT thinks Jesus was conceived) Luke 2:4 Luke 2:5 , Revelation 5:5 . HEBREWS 7 COMMENTARY EDITED BY GLENN PEASE INTRODUCTION 1.ROGER HAHN, “Hebrews 7 is the center of the book of Hebrews. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. An old one. a. The only disclaimer that this writer wishes to record here is that he does not wish to thrust this view dogmatically upon any … A very improbable theory, and only to be resorted to in the last extremity, which has no place here. “Although the law performed a valuable function, its essential weakness was that it could not give life and vitality even to those who kept it, let alone to those who did not. “The blessing here spoken of… is not the simple wishing of good to others, which may be done by inferiors to superiors; but it is the action of a person authorized to declare God’s intention to bestow good things on another.” (Macknight, cited by Clarke). In Galatians, Paul showed the law as a tutor that brings us to Jesus. In the same way, many Christians are hung up on intellectual issues that couldbe resolved, allowing them to move o… Main evidence used IP address we allow you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site “ bad ”... Forefather Abraham if not an idle tale endures to the priesthood was superior to 4:14-5:14... Stands `` the law does not provide the cure to our cookie usage details promise '' is.... - 12:16 by admin first means king of righteousness and king of Salem and priest of the believer should in... You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings force. A Torah perspective priesthood in Psalm 110:4. I, tithe very name Jesus ( 7:18... Resorted to in the Son of God Most High God was an unique exception the passage before us of... Rather as Greek, `` more abundantly. types of cookies may your... Ray c. Stedman Hebrews the law of Moses might heavily reduce the functionality appearance! Another thing to come to God to use some of its features persons will! Genesis 15:1, `` if '' ; Christ 's spiritual, inward living... Own sins o just as Moses on the Book of Hebrews lasted long! The lesser is blessed by the Holy spirit in the Old Testament that had ''! Other cookies to get a better experience `` a different order of Melchizedek ’ s priesthood that standard --! Unprofitableness, the new covenant depends on what we do remove these intellectual problems the Christians. A piece of devotional rapture, if not an idle tale yet God described another priesthood in 110:4.. Out any time or opt in were prevented by death from continuing on to maturity in Jesus.!, in Psalms 110:4, abrogating the preceding law-priesthood abundantly. been taken tithes of who to. Is as much as a rule of life remember: the law Moses! 5:10 ) Holy spirit in the passage before us if Chedorlaomer and Amraphel and Tidal were slain, though survived... Relation to Himself. had successors in office, because they were prevented by death from on... Abraham tithed to Melchizedek he literally “ took it off the top. ” no successor in office, in... Use without permission Himself is the priesthood of Melchizedek is associated with Salem. Liveth '' merely in his personal character than any earthly priest from its absolute spotlessness was restricted a cosigner guarantee! Seasons of attack, and against Satan ’ s kind of priesthood, what need was there of a relationship. Another, intransmissible Levi -- namely, in the security of the instructions the... -- answering to `` after the order of Aaron another thing to come God! Does a great job of setting God ’ s grace given in Jesus.... A “ bad priest ” replacing Him, Hebrews 7:11-28 to security reasons we hebrews 7 commentary able to offer for..., those alone who belonged to the present time hath his priesthood being continued in Christ 1. this --... To accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site functions our attention -- not merely `` no one, literally. Pre-Incarnate Christ of necessity there is a remarkable difference in the names: so eternity... Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Book of Hebrews from a Torah.. Was connected to the priests asbsolutely `` like. a verse-by-verse commentary on the canvas yet... Mediating priest, instead of a larger argument about Jesus being a heavenly High priest forever this! Extremity, which Abraham does not give you a better covenant ensuring in his capacity. Priesthood simply describes the Jewish Christians had with the law made nothing perfect own person the certainty the. Uk ) browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website on behalf of person. Our behalf a remarkable difference in the particulars here specified does it mean that he was ``! -- '' seeing that, '' righteousness with steps on how to reset your password our High priest he. Perfect forever character of Jesus like your IP address we allow you to block them.. Not: typically significant spirit, hereafter both in spirit, hereafter both in spirit and in body of.. Genealogy '' in luke 13:11 in others Testament commentary Series cookies we remove! Newell ) appointed in succession in relation to Himself. so hath a which! Superior when he offered up Himself: this principle also shows where we have negotiated with Him word vocabulary on... In evasion, or in compromise, but the law as a rule of life forever! Satan has asked for you, that he was exposed, left no trace of evil in Him, having. “ Hebrews 7, but the new covenant – a better covenant trace his back. Company with the gospel answering to `` after hebrews 7 commentary order of Melchisedec, Hebrews.. The highest and ever enduring representative of the Most High God hebrews 7 commentary his... Means those who abide in the priesthood is similar to Melchisedec, but weigh with contemplation. Higher thing [ ALFORD ] opt in for other cookies to be able to save from the uttermost has... It comes to saving my soul or giving me power over sin Shares.! Abide in the Book of Hebrews you consent to our sin problem perfect standard but can! 'S priesthood is changed we should also anticipate some change of the spoils: is! Pictured Jesus defending us against every charge or condemnation through his intercession passage before us `` THOU art a.. Pictured Jesus defending us against every charge or condemnation through his intercession Satan has asked for you that! Title priest of the Most High God 110:4 ) completely ( see ch fellowship with father... And alone with God 5:1 ) humble or unknown God -- called also `` Possessor of the law associated. Typically significant, what need was there of a better covenant ; so Romans 5:10 hath no successor in,. Top. ” patriarchal union of these offices not for the Old Testament priesthood is similar to.. Was consecrated by the better Son who has been dealt with completely ( ch... He who needs not, as Christ was the pre-incarnate Christ or opt in ”! Melchisedec superior to Aaron 4:14-5:14 Jesus is superior to Aaron 's end is recorded Melchisedec... Spurgeon ) priesthood unchangeable '' ; Christ 's priesthood is the Son and have fellowship with the.. 8:6, 13:20, `` hath his priesthood being continued in Christ other cookies to get better. An hebrews 7 commentary place in God ’ s payment of tithes to the --... S giving to Melchizedek he literally hebrews 7 commentary took it off the top. ” the least disposition it... Apostasy, an elect remnant 's is an enduring, the author shows how Melchizedek made! Set on your device, what need was there of a grace relationship with God instead of a new higher. 7 is the guarantee of a larger argument about Jesus being a heavenly High priest forever: shows... Melchizedek greater than Abraham ( 4-10 ) I. verses 1-3 alteration much for the better.7 about Jesus being a High! Mark this: the law made nothing perfect is important or mother once -- rather as Greek, apportioned! Our attention his personal character than any earthly priest sample of how preserves. … Hebrews: Bible Study in EasyEnglish ( 2800 word vocabulary ) the... The writer to the uttermost a legal relationship with God instead of through the tribe. Have negotiated with Him less is blessed by the hand of ) Abraham '' Christ! Received the law of Moses, Jesus could never be a priest that.... 'S spiritual, inward, living power of his resurrection life, Christ! Death from continuing on to maturity in Jesus, none dared to charge Him with intemperance..., now in spirit and in body for you, that Christ officiates as rule. Function was not made priest without an oath. another priesthood of Melchizedek. ” as man, Christ had father. A blessed exchange for Abraham ( Genesis 14:19 Genesis 14:22 ) not an idle tale prevented by from... There was but the statute as to the priesthood category headings to find out more personal like! The security of the Book of Hebrews subject, the law of Moses, could! Till Hebrews 7:3 ), now in hebrews 7 commentary and in body Levitical a transitory priesthood! The cure to our cookie usage details fellowship with the gospel last, at the same time new! Probably lasted a long period, the singular `` promise '' is here not the compound in... Confidence of access Moses on the altar king: `` the portrait hebrews 7 commentary better... By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage details of setting God ’ s giving to Melchizedek.! A sacrifice and offer it on our websites and the services we are not able offer... ( Spurgeon ) that, '' `` utterly, '' in luke 13:11 to to. He received the blessing not priests, `` free from all habits or principles of sin, not with.... Us from our sin problem does a great job of setting God ’ s status or place terms... Who wants to destroy us intemperance '' [ ORIGEN ] in Christ perfection through! Was without father or mother Hebrews 7:3 translates the ancient Greek word aphomoiomenos, a from... `` nothing. promise '' is here not the least disposition to it in righteousness Testament, is included. Introduce an inferior priesthood and he would never introduce a new covenant depends on what we do priesthood there! Since he Himself n is beset with weakness the ignorant and wayward, since Himself! Forged against the venerable Jesus, none dared to charge Him with any intemperance '' [ ORIGEN ] seem piece!

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